Warning: Long, 22 pages.
This post is just for fun. I didn’t look up any of these words in an etymological dictionary, so I’m just guessing here. I think some of my guesses are probably wrong, but I just wanted to see how many obvious cognates there were on first examination. It’s quite incredible how many French words have an English or Spanish or both cognate. This shows that if you know Spanish or English very well and you know the other language fairly well, you might be able to get a lot of French words just via inference with cognates.
The cognates is used very loosely here and also applies to obvious borrowings. I’m quite aware that most of the French words in English are borrowings, but the ones that match in Spanish are more genetic from a common Romance root. There are also many Latin borrowings in English that have a French cognate. So really I am looking for lookalikes that have a relationship to each other, whether or borrowing or genetics.
I could not find matches for quite a few of these French words. If you can think of any English or French matches – borrowings or cognates – with these words, let me know. And if any of my etymologies are wrong, also let me know, please.
Thank you very much and have fun!
English Français yesterday hier Similar to Spanish ayer. tomorrow demain morning matin Similar to English matinee "movie shown early in the day." evening soir Similar to English soiree "cocktail party usually held at night." day jour Similar to English journal "running commentary on one's activities by day," Spanish jornada "day, time, working day, day trip." night nuit Similar to English night. moon lune Similar to English lunar "about the moon" and Spanish luna. sun soleil Similar to English solar "about the sun" and Spanish sol. star étoile Similar to Spanish estrella and English star. wind vent Same as English vent "place where air (wind) comes into a house" and Spanish ventre. sky ciel Similar to English ceiling "part of a house above your head" and same as Spanish ciel. God Dieu Similar to Spanish Dios and English deity "a god." world monde Similar to Spanish mundo and English mundane related to " worldly, earthly, secular, fashionable." ground sol Similar to English soil and Spanish el suelo "floor, soil, ground, land, deck, earth." river fleuve déù Same as English and Spanish fluvial "of or relating to or happening in a river. stream rivière Similar to English river and Spanish ribereño "riparian, riverside, riverine, river, riverbank, riverain." pond, lake marigot hill colline Similar to Spanish la colina. bush brousse Similar to Spanish arbusto "scrub, scrubland" and English arbutus "either of two evergreen plants of the family Ericaceae (heath family)." field champ Similar to Spanish campo and English camp "temporary place to say in the wilds or fields" and "to set up a temporary place to visit for recreation in the wilds or fields." market marché Similar to English market and Spanish marqueta. house maison Similar to English mansion. room chambre Similar to English chamber and Spanish la cámara "camera, chamber, cameraman, vault, hall, innertube." wall mur Similar to English mural "drawing on a wall" and Spanish el muro. roof toit shelter abri Similar to Spanish el abrigo "coat, shelter, overcoat, cover, protection, covering." granary grenier Similar to English granary and Spanish el granero "barn, granary, garner." well puits Similar to English pit. road, path route, sentier Similar to English route, "to send, to put something on its way to someplace else via a means of movement for things" and Spanish la ruta "route, road, way, journey, itinerary, lane" and el sendero "path, trail, footpath." village village Same as English village and Spanish villa. public place place Same as English place and Spanish plaza. human being personne Similar to English person and Spanish persona. man homme Similar to Spanish hombre and English Homo (proper name for the human subspecies). woman femme Same as English femme fatale and Spanish feminina "feminine." child enfant Same as English enfant in enfant terrible and similar to infant and Spanish el infante "infant." husband mari Similar to English married "to be in a marriage" and Spanish marido. wife épouse Similar to English spouse "one you are married to" and Spanish esposa. father père Similar to English Pa and patrilineal "father's family line", Spanish padre. mother mère Similar to English Ma and matrilineal "mother's family line," Spanish madre. friend ami Similar to Spanish amigo and English amiable "friendly." chief chef Same as English chef . English Français hunter chasseur Same as English chasseur "a soldier, usually in the light cavalry, equipped and trained for rapid movement, especially in the French army" - one who hunts the enemy in wartime and similar to English chaser "one who chases (hunts)." weaver tisserand thief voleur Similar to English villain. healer guérisseur witch sorcière Similar to English sorcerer. corpse cadavre Similar to English cadaver and Spanish le cadavre "corpse, body, carcass, dead body, cadaver." blacksmith forgeron Similar to English forge "to work with molten iron" forjador "descended from a family of blacksmiths." hunger faim Similar to English famine. horn corne Similar Spanish el cuerno "horn, antler, cusp, croissant" and English coronet "type of horn instrument." tail queue Same as English queue "long line resembling an animal's tail." egg œuf Similar to Spanish el huevo and English ovum. wing aile Similar to Spanish la ala. feather plume Same as English nom de plume "writer's name" and plume and Spanish pluma. anthill termitière/fourmilière Similar to English termite "ant like creature that eats and lives in wood." hole, pit trou Similar to English trowel "tool to dig holes with." hole in tree trou dans arbre Similar to Spanish arbol "tree." poison poison Same as English poison. load fardeau, charge Similar to English cargo and Spanish carga. stick bâton Similar to English baton "stick for twirling in a parade." work travail Same as English travails "day to day worries (works)" and Spanish trabajo. fighting combat Same as English combat and similar to Spanish combatir "to fight." medicine médicament Similar to English medicine and Spanish medicina. money argent Same as English argent "silver, silvery white." shadow ombre Similar to Spanish sombra and English umbra "fully shaded inner region of a shadow cast by an opaque object, especially the area on the earth or moon experiencing the total phase of an eclipse." thing chose Similar to Spanish cosa. land/country pays Similar to Spanish pais and English Pax "world." sickness/disease maladie Same as English malady and Spanish mal "bad." sore/wound plaie Similar to English plague. scar cicatrice Similar to Spanish cicatrix. Body Parts English Français head tête Similar to Spanish la testa "head, brains" and English test "exercise to see how well your brain works." eye oeil Similar to Spanish ojo. face visage Same as English visage. cheek joue Similar to English jowl. forehead front Same as English front "the part of something that faces you" and similar to Spanish frente. nose nez Similar to English nose. ear oreille Similar to Spanish oreja. mouth bouche Similar to English buss "kiss" and Spanish boca. lip lèvre Similar to English verge "edge or border." tooth dent Similar to English dental "having to do with teeth." tongue langue Similar to English language and Spanish lengua. throat gorge Same as English gorge and similar to Spanish garganta. neck cou Similar to Spanish cuello and English collar "where a shirt goes around your neck." English Français chin menton Similar to Spanish el mentón. shoulder épaule Similar to English epaulette "an ornamental shoulder piece on an item of clothing, especially on the coat or jacket of a military uniform." armpit aisselle Similar to Spanish la axila and English axilla. arm bras Similar to Spanish el brazo and English "a part of a tree which grows out from the trunk or from a bough ("arm" of a tree). hand main Similar to English manual "work done with one's hands" and Spanish el mano. elbow coude Similar to Spanish codo. leg jambe Similar to English limb "arm or leg" and ham "part of a pig for eating" and same as Spanish jambe. foot pied Similar to English pedestrian "person who walks" and Spanish pie. thigh cuisse knee genou Similar to English genouflect "to bend with the knee." nail ongle Similar to English unguis "nail, claw, or fang" and Spanish la uña "nail, fingernail, claw." breast (female) sein Similar to Spanish cena and English sinus "relating to or denoting the sinoatrial node of the heart or its function as a pacemaker" - a part of the heart located near the breasts. stomach ventre Similar to Spanish el vientre "belly, stomach, abdomen" and English venter "underside or abdomen of an animal." navel nombril Similar to Spanish el ombligo and English umbilicus "umbilical cord that comes out of the navel" and omphalos "the center or hub of something." back dos Similar to Spanish el dorso and English dorsal "upper side or back of an animal, plant, or organ." buttocks fesses skin peau Similar to Spanish el piel and English pelt "skin of an animal with the fur, wool, or hair still on it." bone os Similar to English ossuary "place where bones are stored" and Spanish hueso. rib côte Similar to Spanish la costilla and English coast "'rib' of the land." blood sang Similar to Spanish el sangre. tear larme Similar to Spanish la lagrima. saliva salive Similar to English and Spanish saliva. sweat sueur Similar to English sweat urine urine Same as English urine and similar to Spanish la urina. hair cheveux liver foie Same as English foie in "foie gras." heart coeur Similar to English coronary "about the heart" and Spanish corazon. intestines intestins Similar to English intestines. lung poumon Similar to English pulmonary "about the lungs." body corps Similar to English corpse "dead body." meat viande Similar to Archaic English viands "an item of food." Animals Animals English Français animal animal Same as English animal and Spanish el animal. camel chameau Similar to English camel. cow vache Similar to Spanish la vaca. bull taureau Similar to Spanish el toro. goat chèvre Similar to Spanish la cabra. sheep mouton Similar to English mutton "meat of a mature sheep." pig cochon Similar to Spanish el cochino. horse cheval Similar to Spanish el caballo and English cavalry "fighting force with horses." donkey âne Similar to Spanish el asno and English ass. English Français dog chien cat chat Similar to English cat and Spanish el gato. elephant éléphant Similar to English elephant. buffalo buffle Similar to English buffalo. lion lion Same as English lion and similar to Spanish el leon. leopard tigre/panthère Similar to English tiger and panther and same as Spanish tigre. hyena hyène Similar to English hyena. genet genette Similar to English genet. jackal chacal Similar to English jackal. porcupine porc-épic Similar to English porcupine. patas monkey singe rouge baboon babouin Similar to English baboon. galago, lemur galago Same as English and Spanish galago "lemur, bush baby" "small nocturnal primate (lemur) with a long bushy tail, which lives in the forests of tropical Africa." squirrel écureuil Similar to English squirrel. hedgehog hérisson Similar to English urchin "street child" and Spanish el erizo. aardvark oryctérope hyrax daman hare lièvre Similar to Spanish la liebre. shrew musaraigne Similar to Spanish la musaraña and English tarmagant "a harsh-tempered or overbearing woman" or a "shrew." house bat chauve-souris crocodile crocodile, caïman Same as English crocodile, similar to English caiman. chameleon caméléon Similar to English chameleon. agama lizard lézard Similar to English lizard. gecko gecko, salamandre Same as English gecko and similar to English salamander. monitor lizard iguane Similar to English iguana. toad crapaud Similar to English creep "a contemptible or detestable person (used as a general term of abuse)" or "a toad." frog grenouille tortoise tortue Similar to English tortoise and Spanish tortuga snake serpent Same as English serpent and Spanish el serpente cobra cobre Similar to English cobra. python python Same as English python. fish poisson Similar to Spanish el pes. bird oiseau chicken poule Similar to Spanish el pollo. cock coq Similar to English cock. guinea-fowl pintade vulture vautour Similar to English vulture. hawk épervier Similar to Spanish el esparaván and English spavin "disorder of a horse's hock" "disease that makes a horse raise the infirm leg in the manner of a sparrow hawk." English Français owl hibou Similar to Spanish el buho and same as English hibou "owl, specifically, those species of owls with ear tufts." bush-fowl perdrix Similar to Spanish el perdiz "partridge, quail." scorpion scorpion Same as English scorpion. butterfly papillon Borrowed into English as Papillon "main character in a movie about a criminal with a butterfly tattoo." mosquito moustique Similar to English mosquito. spider araignée Similar to English arachnid. mason-wasp guêpe-maçonne Similar to Spanish el mason. bee abeille Similar to Spanish la abeja. housefly mouche Similar to Spanish la mosca. louse pou termite fourmi blanche Similar to English blanched "white" and Spanish hormiga blanco "white ant." flying ant fourmi volante Similar to Spanish la hormiga and same as Spanish volante. locust locuste Similar to English locust. mantis kindi oil huile Similar to English oil . fat graisse Similar to English grease. salt sel Similar to English salt and Spanish sal. soup/sauce sauce Same as English sauce. food nourriture Similar to English nutrition "food that sustains life." beer bière Similar to English beer. handle manche d’outil Similar to English manual, "work done with one's hands" and utility, "something useful," and Spanish mano, hand and util utensil, or "hand utensil," handle. sickle faucille fruit harvester hameçon de fruit Same as English fruit and similar to Spanish la fruta and English cutlery "knives, etc. for the kitchen," or "fruit knife." firewood knife couteau de bois de feu Similar to Spanish el bosque "forest," el fuego "fire" "fire-forest or firewood," and English cutlery "knives, etc. for the kitchen," or "fire-forest knife." harvesting knife couteau de moisson Similar to English cutlery "knives, etc. for the kitchen." cutlass machette Similar to English machete. iron fer Similar to Spanish fierro and English ferruginous "containing iron oxides or rust." big axe hache grande Similar to English hatchet "small ax" and grand "large, big" "grand-hatchet or large hatchet" and Spanish grande. adze herminette hoe houe Similar to English hoe. knife couteau Similar to English cutlery "knives, etc. for the kitchen." razor rasoir Similar to English razor. anvil enclume hammer marteau Similar to Spanish el martillo. pincers pinces Similar to English pinchers. awl alène Similar to Spanish la lesna. tweezers tire l’épine bellows soufflet, Similar to Spanish soplar, to blow, or "object that blows a lot of air." cooling bowl bol d’eau Similar to English bowl. broom balaie bag sac Similar to English sack and Spanish saca. English Français fireplace foyer Same as English foyer "front part of a house before you go in." shoe chaussure hat chapeau Similar to English cap "a kind of soft, flat hat, typically with a visor." necklace collier Similar to English collar "part of a shirt that goes around the neck as a necklace does." ring bague bracelet bracelet Same as English bracelet. mortar mortier Similar to English mortar. pestle pilon pot pot Same as English pot. head-pad coussinet basket panier Similar to Spanish pan "bread" for "object to hold bread in." sieve crible mat natte Similar to English matte. needle aiguille Similar to Spanish la augila. spear lance Same as English lance. arrow flèche Similar to Spanish la flecha and English flechette and Spanish flechita "a type of ammunition resembling a small dart, shot from a gun." quiver carquois rope corde Similar to English cord, "a rope-like object made of something other than twine." stool tabouret Similar to Spanish el taburete. door porte Similar to English portal. door-frame seuil bed lit fence clôture Similar to English closure. ladder échelle Similar to Spanish la escalera and English escalator "moving stairs that take you upwards." canoe pirogue Similar to Spanish pagaya. paddle pagaie Similar to Spanish pagaya, "canoe." bee-hive ruche Musical instruments Instruments de Musique English Français drum tambour Similar to English tambourine "type of drum." hollow logs blocs de bois Similar to English blocks amf Spanish bosque "forest, "a 'block' (log) of 'forest' (wood)." flute flûte traversière Similar to English flute and Spanish la fluta. whistle sifflet rattle hochet calebasse, Similar to Spanish calabassa, melon. A rattle has a small melon-shaped object at the top that contains the rattling objects. transverse horn corne Similar to Spanish cuerno transversal. Numbers Nombres English Français one un Similar to English one and Spanish uno. three trois Similar to English three and Spanish tres. four quatre Similar to English quarter and Spanish quatro. five cinq Similar to Spanish cinco. six six Same as English six and Spanish seis. eight huit Similar to English eight. nine neuf Similar to Spanish nuevo. ten dix Similar to English decimal and Spanish diez. eleven onze Similar to Spanish once. twelve douze Similar to Spanish doce. twenty vingt Similar to Spanish viente. twenty-one vingt et un Similar to Spanish viente uno. thirty trente Similar to Spanish triente. forty quarante Similar to Spanish cuarenta. fifty cinquante Similar to Spanish cinqueta. sixty soixante Similar to Spanish sesenta. seventy soixante-dix eighty quatre-vingt ninety quatre-vingt-dix one hundred cent Similar to English centennial, "one hundred-year anniversary celebration" and Spanish ciento. Colors Coluers English Français white blanc Similar to English blank "nothing, absence of color" and Spanish blanco. black noir Similar to English "film noir or "dark film." red rouge Same as English rouge "red-like color" and Spanish rojo. green vert Similar to Spanish verde and English verdant "green landscape." yellow jaune Similar to English jaundiced "aspect of liver disease causing your eyes and skin to become yellow." Adjectives English Français heavy lourd Similar to Spanish lerdo "dull, dumb, dim, oafish, heavy, fatheaded." light léger Similar to Spanish ligero. large grand Same as English grand and Spanish grande. small petit Similar to English petite "small in a cute way" and petty "trivial, small, insignificant." many beaucoup/nombreux Same as English beaucoup. few peu Similar to Spanish poco. all tout Similar to English and Spanish total. thin mince Similar to English mince "chop into thin pieces" and "speak sparingly (use 'thin' words)." wide large Similar to English largesse "large quantity of something which is quite wide in shape." narrow étroit Similar to English straight "narrow body of water between two water bodies." hard dur Similar to English durable "lasting" and Spanish duro. soft doux/tendre Similar to English dulcimer "sweet sound," and Spanish dulce/azucar, "sugar," and English tender "soft, sensitive, gentle." sweet doux/sucré de Similar to English dulcimer "sweet sound" and Spanish dulce/azucar, "sugar" and English sugar. bitter amer Similar to Spanish amargo. sour acide Similar to English acid and same as Spanish acide. deep profond Similar to English profound and Spanish profundo "deep thought." long long Same as English long. short court Similar to English short, curt "short abrupt comment" and Spanish cortar "to cut something down to a lower level." good bon Similar to Spanish bueno and same as English bon in "bon apetit". bad mauvais dirty sale Similar to English to soil "to make something dirty." fat gros Similar to English gross "large quantity." near proche/près Similar to English approach "to go towards something near to you" and English presently, "soon, a nearby object to be arrived at shortly." far loin/lointain Similar to Spanish lejano. beautiful beau Similar to English beautiful and Spanish bonito. ugly laid, vilain Similar to English villain "criminal, bad person." hot chaud cold froid, frais Similar to English freeze "to turn to ice" and Spanish frio. strong fort Same as English fort and Spanish forte, "a strongly built building for protection from invaders." weak faible Similar to English feeble. ripe mûr Similar to Spanish maduro and English mature "full grown." unripe cruvert full plein Similar to English plenty. empty vide Similar to English void "nothingness, the state of something emptied of all contents." Verbs Verbes English Français accompany accompagner Similar to English to accompany. add to ajouter announce annoncer Similar to English to announce and Spanish anunciar. answer répondre Similar to English to respond and Spanish responder. arrive arriver Similar to English to arrive. ask for demander Similar to English to demand and Spanish demander. be born naître Similar to English Nativity and Spanish Natividad, "holiday celebrating the birth of Christ." beat battre Similar to English to beat or batter. begin commencer Similar to English to commence and Spanish comencer. bite mordre Similar to Spanish mordita "a little bite, bribe," and morder, morderura "bite" and English mordacity "bite, sharpness, poignancy, pungency." blow (mouth) souffler (la bouche) Similar to Spanish boca and soplar and English to buss "kiss" and souffle "a low murmuring or blowing sound heard through a stethoscope." blow (wind) souffler (vent) Similar to English to vent "to rant angrily or speak in a loud and windy fashion" and "opening to let in air," souffle "a low murmuring or blowing sound heard through a stethoscope," and Spanish vientre and soplar. borrow emprunter braid tresser Similar to English tresses and Spanish trasero "tail," as in "'tails' of one's hair." break casser Similar to Spanish cesar and English cease, "cease, stop, end, terminate, break, let up." breathe respirer Similar to English to respire and Spanish respirar. bring apporter Similar to English to port "to bring something from one place to another." build construire Similar to English to construct and Spanish construir. burn brûler Similar to English brulee "foods that are sprinkled with sugar and placed under a broiler to caramelize or burn the sugar, forming a hard brittle top" to boil "a way to cook food" and brule Canadian English "an area of burned over woodland.." bury enterrer Similar to English to inter and Spanish interrar. buy acheter Same as Spanish acheter "buy, purchase, take, cover, buy over, nobble." call appeler Similar to English appelation "what you are called" and Spanish apellido "given name or what you are called." carry on back porter sur le dos Similar to English to port and dorsal "pertaining to the back." chew mâcher Similar to English to mash "to grind something to a powder or gruel" and English masticate and Spanish masticar "to chew food." choose choisir Similar to English to choose. chop down abattre Similar to English abbatoir "slaughterhouse" "place where animals are 'chopped down' or killed," also abbattrer in French also means to slaughter, and Spanish abatir "bring down, cast down, demolish, beat down." chop/slice trancher Similar to English tranche "a part of something" or "something chopped off as a piece of something else." close fermer comb se peigner Same as Spanish piegner. come venir Same as Spanish venir. cook cuisiner Similar to English cuisine "cooked food" and Spanish cosinar. count compter Same as Spanish compter "count, expect, include, reckon, number, score," and similar to English computer and compute "determine (the amount or number of something) mathematically", i.e. to count. cover couvrir Similar to English to cover and Spanish cubrir. crawl ramper cry out crier Similar to English town crier "one who cries out the news" and cry "shout or scream, typically to express fear, pain, or grief." cut with axe couper Similar to English to chop and coup "to cut off the 'head' of the government." dance danser Similar to English to dance and Spanish danzer. desire désirer Similar to English to desire and Spanish desear "want, wish, desire, wish for, long for, covet." die mourir Similar to English mortal, mortician "to be doomed to death and one who prepares the dead for observation at funerals and disposal by burying or incineration" and Spanish morir. dig creuser/labourer divide diviser Similar to English to divide and Spanish dividir. do faire draw water puiser dream rêver Similar to English reverie "a dream." drink boire drive away chasser/éloigner/repousser Similar to English to chase "to run after 'run of', repossess, or "to take an stolen object from someone to 'drive away' with it.'" drop laisser tomber Similar to Spanish tumbar "overthrow, topple, tumble, drop" and English to tumble. dry up sécher Similar to Spanish seco "dry" and Spanish secar. eat manger Similar to English to munch. enter entrer Similar to English to enter and Spanish entrar. extinguish éteindre fall tomber Similar to English to tumble Spanish tumbar "overthrow, topple, tumble, drop." fill remplir Similar to English replenish and Spanish reemplazar "to replace, supersede." find trouver Similar to English treasure "found wealth" and trove "a store of valuable or delightful (found) things." finish terminer Similar to English to terminate and Spanish terminar. fly (v.) voler (oiseaux/avion) Same as Spanish voler. fold plier Similar to Spanish plegar. follow suivre forbid interdire Similar to English to interdict and Spanish interdecir "to seize forbidden goods at a border." forget oublier gather réunir Similar to English to reunite and same as Spanish reunir. give donner Similar to English to donate and Spanish donar. give birth accoucher Similar to Archaic English accouchement "the act of giving birth." go aller go down descendre Similar to English to descend and Spanish descender. go out sortir Similar to English sortie "a military action in which besieged troops burst forth from their position." go up monter Similar to English mountain and Spanish monter "mount, climb, ride, rise, go up, ascend." greet saluer Similar to English to salute and Spanish saludar grill griller Similar to English to grill and Spanish el grill "a grill, something to grill food on." grind broyer Similar to Archaic English to bray "to crush." grow/increase grandir/croître Similar to English grand and Spanish grande "large." hear entendre Similar to Spanish entender "to understand, grasp, realize, comprehend, get, believe." help aider Similar to Spanish ayudar and English to aid. hide cacher Similar to English cache and Spanish el cache "a collection of items of the same type stored in a (hidden) or inaccessible place." hold tenir Similar to English tenuous "shaky hold" and Spanish tener "to have" or to 'hold in one's hand.' insult insulter Similar to English to insult and Spanish insultar "insult, abuse, taunt, affront, slight." jump sauter Similar to Spanish saltar and English somersault "to jump in the air and do a 360 turn with your body so you land on your feet." kill tuer know savoir Similar to Spanish saber and English savoir-faire "the ability to act or speak appropriately in social situations" or to know how to talk smoothly and properly. laugh rire Similar to Spanish reir. learn étudier/apprendre Similar to English to study "to work at learning something," to apprehend "to understand," and Spanish estudiar "to work at learning something", aprender. lend prêter Similar to Spanish prestar. lick lécher Similar to English to lick and Spanish leche "milk" (that is consumed by licking it up as a cat does). lie mentir Similar to Spanish mentiro "a lie" and mentir. lie down être étendu Similar to Spanish estar tendido. lift onto head soulever light allumer Similar to English to illuminate and Spanish iluminar "make (something) visible or bright by shining light on it; light up." like/love aimer Similar to Spanish amar and English amiable "friendly, warm person." limp boiter listen écouter Similar to Spanish escucher. look regarder Similar to English to regard "to look over" and Spanish regarder "to consider or think of (someone or something) in a specified way" - to "look over" the person and think about them. look for chercher Similar to English to search. lose perdre Similar to Spanish perder and English perdition "that which is lost." marry épouser Similar to English spouse "married partner" and Spanish esposa "wife." measure mesurer Similar to English to measure and Spanish mesura "measuring glass." milk traire mix mélanger Similar to English melange "a chaotic mixture of things." open ouvrir Similar to Spanish abrir. peel éplucher Similar to Spanish pelar and English to peel. pick up ramasser Similar to English amass "gather together (pick up) or accumulate (a large amount or number of valuable" material or things) over a period of time. pierce percer Similar to English to pierce. plaster crépir play jouer Similar to Spanish jugar. pound piler pour verser tumbere Similar to English tumbler "a drinking glass with straight sides and no handle or stem" - something that drinks are poured into. pull tirer Similar to Spanish tirar. push pousser Similar to English to push. put poser/placer Similar to Spanish placer "to place." put mettre Similar to Spanish meter "to put, insert, place, shove, dip, thrust." rain pleuvoir Similar to Spanish lluvia "rain." receive/accept recevoir/accepter Similar to English to receive/accept and Spanish recibir/aceptar. refuse refuser Similar to English to refuse. remember se souvenir Similar to English souvenir or "memento," an object one has to remember an occasion in the past. resemble ressembler Similar to English to resemble and Spanish resemblar. return revenir Similar to English revenue "returns on an investment." ride monter un animal Similar to English to mount an animal (horse) "in order to ride it." rub frotter Similar to English frottage "the act of rubbing up against someone." run courir Similar to Spanish correr. say dire Similar to Spanish decir. see voir Similar to Spanish ver. sell vendre Similar to English vendor "one who sells" and Spanish vender. send envoyer Similar to English envoy "missionary sent to another." sew coudre Similar to Spanish encuadernar "to bind, sew" and English accoutrements "additional items of dress made by sewing things." shake secouer Similar to Spanish sacudir. sharpen aiguiser Similar to Spanish aguzar. shave se raser Similar to English razor "object to shave with." shoot tirer Similar to Spanish tirar. show montrer Similar to Spanish mostrar and English to demonstrate. sing chanter Similar to English to chant "sing in a rhythmic and hypnotic way" and Spanish cantar. sit down s'asseoir/être assis sleep dormir Same as Spanish and similar to English dormitory "place for many to sleep." smell sentir Similar to English scent. sneeze éternuer Similar to Spanish estornudar and English tornado, extreme storm in the atmosphere with high winds 'sneezes.' snore ronfler soak faire sow semer Similar to Spanish semilla "seed" and English and Spanish sinsemilla, "without seeds" or "a type of high grade marijuana grown without seeds." spit cracher stay rester Similar to English to rest. steal voler stick onto coller Similar to English to collocate "to group together or 'stick onto each other' with documents." sting piquer Similar to Spanish picar and English to pique "to 'sting' or to hurt one's feelings." stroll se promener Similar to English to promenade suck sucer/téter Similar to English to suck. and teat "breast" swallow avaler sweep balayer swell gonfler swim nager take prendre Similar to Spanish prender "turn on, catch, take, arrest, apprehend, capture" and English apprehend "to catch a criminal and 'take' him into custody." take off ôter taste goûter Similar to Spanish gustar "like, taste, love, please, appeal, appeal to" and English disgust "'not' pleasing or tasteful." teach enseigner Similar to Spanish ensenar. tear déchirer Similar to Spanish deshacer "undo, break, unpack, break up, tear, smash." tell raconter Similar to English raconteur "storyteller." think penser Similar to English pensive "person who is thinking deeply" and Spanish pensar. throw jeter tie nouer/attacher Similar to English to attach, "to connect or 'tie' one thing to another." touch toucher Similar to English to touch. tremble trembler Similar to English to tremble. try essayer Similar to Spanish ensayar "test, rehearse, try, assay, try out, try over" and English to essay and Archaic English to assay. turn over se retourner Similar to English to turn. twist tordre Similar to Spanish torcedura "twist, sprain, strain, rick." undress se déshabiller Similar to English habit "priest's clothes." unfold déplier Similar to Spanish desplegar English to deploy and to display "to deploy, display, unfold, expand, open, unfurl." untie dénouer/détacher Similar to English to detach "remove something that had been part of something else." urinate uriner Similar to English to urinate. vomit vomir Similar to English to vomit. wait attendre Similar to English to attend "to wait on." walk marcher Similar to English to march "walk in an organized way." want/need vouloir/avoir besoin Similar to English volition "forward movement in time towards what one needs." wash s.t. laver Similar to Spanish laver and English lavatory "bathroom, places where one 'washes up.'" weave tisser Similar to Spanish textura "texture, weave" and English texture, "the feeling an 'woven, sewn' or otherwise created object in one's hands." weed sarcler/arracher les herbes Similar to English herbs and Spanish sachar "to weed, hoe" and arranchar "to tear, pull, pluck, tear off, pull up, extract." whisper chuchoter Similar to Spanish cuchichear "to whisper, buzz." whistle siffler wipe (nose) se moucher write écrire Similar to Spanish escribir and English scribe "one who writes", to inscribe "to write on a hard surface." yawn bâiller Q words Questions English Français where? où when? quand Similar to Spanish cuando. how? comment Similar to Spanish como. how many? combien why? pourquoi Similar to Spanish porque. who? qui Similar to Spanish quien. what? quoi Similar to Spanish que. Others Autres English Français here ici Similar to Spanish acqui. there là Similar to Spanish alla. left à gauche Similar to English gauche "rude, ill-informed." right à droite Similar to Spanish derecho. north nord Similar to English north and Spanish norte. south sud Similar to English south and same as Spanish sud. east est Similar to English east and Spanish este. west ouest Similar to English west and Spanish oeste. Pronouns English Français I, me je, moi Similar to Spanish yo and similar to English me and Spanish mi and mine and Spanish mio, "belonging to me." you toi Similar to English thou and Spanish tu "informal form of you," Archaic in English. he, she, it lui, elle Similar to Spanish el, ella, lo, and la. we, us nous Similar to Spanish nosotros and nuestro "ours." you pl. vous Same as Spanish voz. they, them ils Similar to Spanish ellos, ellas. everyone tout le monde Similar to English total "everything" and Spanish todo el mundo. Plants English Français Cassava manioc Same as English manioc. Sweet potato patate douce Similar to English potato and Spanish dulce and pata "sweet" and "potato." Wild yam igname de brousse Similar to English yam. Sorghum grand mil "big millet." Similar to English millet. Bullrush petit mil "small millet." Similar to English millet. Fonio fonio Same as English fonio. Maize mais Similar to English maize and Spanish maiz. Rice riz Similar to English rice. groundnut pois de terre Similar to English peas and terrain "ground" or "ground peas" and Spanish tierra "land, ground." Groundnut arachide Tiger-nut souche à manger "a nut to eat" Nutgrass souche à parfum Similar to English perfume and Spanish el perfume "pleasant scent," a "nut with a pleasant scent." Garden egg (eggplant) aubergine Similar to Spanish berenjena and same as English aubergine. Okra gombo Similar to English gumbo "dish made with okra." Birdseye chili piment Similar to English pimento. Foods English Français Onion oignon Similar to English onion. Garlic ail Similar to Spanish ajo. Tomato tomate Similar to English tomato and Spanish la tomata. Melon (other) courge Kenaf kenaf Same as English kenaf. Sesame seeds sesam Similar to English sesame. Gourd (Generic) calebasse Similar to Spanish calabaza. Gourd-bottle bouteille Similar to English bottle and Spanish botela, "a gourd with a bottle shape." warty gourd calebasse à furoncles Similar to English and Spanish furuncles "boils" or 'warts.' gourd spoon, ladle louche Other gourds autres calebasses Similar to Spanish otros and English other and Spanish calabazas. Cotton coton Similar to English cotton. Fan-palm rônier Baobab arbre de pain Similar to Spanish abrol "tree" and pan "bread" or "bread tree". Shea tree karité Locust tree néré Acacia acacia Same as English and Spanish acacia. Tamarind tamarinier Similar to English tamarind .
3 thoughts on “A Look at How Many French Words Have English and Spanish Cognates”
I was trying to lookup a dish an Asian coworker made today. No luck but I found these French words:
Putain – dirty woman
Putain de merde – whore of shit.
Yes I know those two words, LOL.
Putain may very well be related to “pussy” LOL. I’d have to look it up but I wouldn’t be surprised.