In the West, there is this idea that the Left hates the idea of a meritocracy. They’re not wrong. Meritocracies end up creating inequalities among races and genders, and we can’t have that. So we have to rig the game to make sure the lesser are the same as the greater and that way, everyone’s nice and equal.
The thing is that this was never a Left notion. All of the former and absolutely all of the present Communist states were complete meritocracies, even multiracial ones like Cuba. The claim is that racial politics disappears under Communism. The idea is that all of that has been taken care of by economics already, so there’s no need to do anything more. I’m not sure if that’s true, but Communism definitely lessens racial and ethnic conflict. Look at the Balkans.
The USSR, China, the Eastern Bloc, Cuba, all have or had extremely rigorous testing procedures, and their educational systems were quite good. You didn’t cut it on testing in the USSR, you were out of that track, but they would just find another one that suited you better. No Communist country ever lowered standards to even things up. Just because they’re Commies doesn’t mean they’re stupid!
Cuba definitely has a Black problem. Not like the one we have here, but it’s there nonetheless. Cuba has quite a prison system and they imprison quite a percentage of their population. I saw a photo of a Cuban prison once and there were mostly young Black male faces. However, Cuban prisons do operate on a rehabilitation, not a punishment model. In spite of the full prisons, Havana is probably the least dangerous large city in Latin America, and it’s full of Black people!
The Cubans have adopted a 60’s sociological “culture of poverty” theory based on Oscar Lewis’ theories of the 1960’s (see The Children of Sanchez for more) to explain Black behavior.
One thing that is interesting is that the Blacks in Cuba are not particularly violent or crime-prone compared to American Blacks. I’m convinced that the viciously competitive capitalist system in which so many Blacks are doomed to be on the bottom no matter how hard they try results in envious fury in Blacks (and who could blame them?) and probably causes a lot of the crime and violence here in the US.
American society says if you’re not making good money, you’re a loser and a POS. Black culture or biology or both makes it hard for them to get ahead. Every time the Black guy turns on the TV, it’s screaming in his face, calling him a loser because he’s not rich. You know that’s got to hurt. The Black guy swears that he’s going to get rich one way or another, come Hell or high water. Hence, crime.
There are absolutely many great things about capitalism (Hell, even Marx admitted that), but crime is not one of them. The link between capitalism and crime is robust. Basically, more capitalism, more crime. Less capitalism, less crime. Greed makes people do a lot of bad things. Even Jesus knew that.