A Look at the Albanian Language

From here. A look at the Albanian language from the viewpoint of how hard it is to learn for an English speaker. Albanian is an ancient Indo-European language and it is said to be very hard to learn. Albanian may be up there with Polish as the hardest European language. Albanian is another obscure branch of Indo-European. Albanian nouns have two genders (masculine and feminine), five cases including the ablative, lost in all other IE. Both definite and indefinite articles are widely used, a plus for English speakers. Most inflections were lost, and whatever is left doesn’t even look very IE. The verbal system is complex, having eight tenses including two aorists and two futures, and several moods, including indicative, imperative, subjunctive, conjunctive, optative and admirative. The last three are odd cases for IE. The optative only exists in IE in Ancient Greek, Sanskrit and Manx. Active and passive voices are used. Similarly to Gaelic, Albanian is even harder to learn than either German or Russian. Albanian may be even harder to learn than Polish. Albanian is rated 5, hardest of all.

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3 thoughts on “A Look at the Albanian Language”

  1. Albanian has the infinitive. For example: ”te punosh” (to work) or ”me punue”. Une punoj, ti punon, ai punon…

  2. Dear Klevis, “të punosh” isn’t infinitive, it is the subjunctive. The “me punue” is indeed the infinitive, but it is a morphology of the Gheg dialect; standard Albanian lacks the infinitive.

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