Fascinating article about philosophy, logic and psychology. Consider the following: All psychological scientists conduct or conducted empirical research. William James conducted empirical research. Therefore, William James was a psychological scientist. All of the statements above are true. William James was indeed a psychological scientist. But the statement is not logical. It’s not a logical proof. It’s not a valid argument. You haven’t proved your case with your hypothesis or argument. Sure, James was a psychologist, but the fact that he did empirical work is not what proves he’s a psychologist. Lots of other folks did empirical work too. Einstein did, and he wasn’t a psychologist. He was a physicist.
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