Thaddeus Stevens, American Hero

I had never even heard of this guy, but a post over at the White nationalist site Occidental Dissent condemning him as one of the worst Americans of all time stirred my interest. I expected a fanatic. Not that I mind, after all, I’m a big fan of John Brown (even though he was a nut) and even Thaddeus Stevens page, there’s little if anything to dislike. He went beyond mere liberalism to all-out radicalism, championing the Underground Railroad and even running a waystation in Pennsylvania. He lived with a mixed-race (mulatto) female servant, and they may have had illegitimate children together. Almost all graveyards were segregated back then, and he demanded to be buried in one of the only integrated graveyards around. His headstone even showcases this demand. He set up a university that was one of the first with an explicit non-discrimination clause, even for Muslims! As the leader of the Radical Republicans, sure the Southerners hate him. Southerners need to get over it. You lost, we won.* It’s over. Time to move on. Not only did you get your asses kicked, but you weren’t even fighting for a legitimate cause. Southerners are just flat out nuts. They were nuts during the Civil War and they still are nuts to this day. They’re basically a bunch of fanatics. Fanatical mostly because they are still mad over losing the stupid war they started, and still angry at “the Nawth” for handing their great grandfather’s asses to them. Towards the end of the war, Southern fanatics experimented with poison gas in an attempt to gas a room full of top US government officials. Experiments were carried out on cats in an enclosed glass case. With the war almost over, Southern fanatics still would not give up. There were many fanatical plots, including assassination plots, at the end of the war. I believe that all these nuts were caught. After the war, in a typical show of Yankee magnanimity, I believe all were released. Southerners rant about General Sherman burning down Atlanta and other cities, but he was actually pretty civilized about it. History has not served Sherman well. Typically he was surround a city and not let anyone out. Then his men would go door to door and try to clear out all the Southerners. Most able-bodied men would be gone, and there were just women, kids, old men, and maybe some Blacks. Union soldiers went house to house trying to evacuate the place. I’m not sure if they gave people a chance to gather up belongings. A lot of Southerners knew what was up and insisted on going up in flames in their homes. Typically these clowns were dragged out of their homes kicking and screaming. There were a few deaths, but considering the scope of the scorched Earth operation, it is incredibly humane. I believe that only White homes were burned, and Negro homes were spared. I also believe that mansions of the slaveowners were targeted. Anyway, Sherman’s campaign was sheer genius. There were hardly any deaths, but a lot of Southern property was up in flames. The opposite of a neutron bomb. Sherman was driven to this rage because the South, though beaten, would not say uncle. His March was the last straw. Radical Republicanism has come in for a lot of criticism, but much of it is undeserved. The South deliberately tried to throw a monkey wrench in Reconstruction after the War and tried to bring back slavery in all but name only. Black rights were restricted in every possible way, necessitating the passage of the 13th15th Amendments, also despised by White nationalists. They hate the 14th Amendment most of all. What’s it about? Equal protection under the law. Horror of horrors. In some ways, Reconstruction was idiotic. Blacks were put in charge of law enforcement, courts and local governments. They were well-meaning but often illiterate, had no education and were worse than incompetent. As a result, local government on most levels was a comedy of errors. Freed Black slaves, illiterate and never having worked a day of paid labor in their lives, wandered the roads aimlessly. Many drifted back to the plantations where they had been enslaved and set up camp there. They weren’t exactly asking to be enslaved again, but it was almost something like that. Slavery had been torn down, and nothing had been erected in its place. Within a few years, the KKK was a huge force raging across the South and sowing terror. This was a response of a beaten White South to its burned mansions, destroyed, crippled and wounded manhood, widowed womanhood, newly empowered and sometimes vengeful Blacks, the idiocy and incompetence of Black rule and Federal military occupation. It was all too humiliating to Southerners raised on super-masculinity and the pride that grew from that. The North had little stomach for the long-term military occupation that Stevens rightly proposed and didn’t want to take on armed and outraged White Southerners. The War was over. Andrew Johnson practically rescinded Reconstruction, pulled most US troops out, and basically threw in the towel on the South. The North had fought a bloody war with the South and had no stomach for more fighting. The Feds basically said the Hell with the South, we’re out of here, and went home. After 1868, things got much worse for Blacks as the KKK ruled the South and Jim Crow began to be cemented, but the US government was tired of fighting Southern White men and adopted a see no evil, hear no evil attitude. Nevertheless, Reconstruction was right and proper and did not go on for long enough. The South’s defiance of the terms of surrender after defeat was outrageous and violated the basic human rights of Blacks. By 1868, Stevens was dead, and Reconstruction was headed out. The name of Thaddeus Stevens, American hero, is one more US schoolkids ought to know. Good summary on Stevens at the link. *I had relatives who fought on both sides of the Civil War. Some owned slaves too. One relative freed his slaves in the 1830’s. Another relative nearly joined the KKK in the 1920’s until his wife heard about it and said, “No you won’t!” I’m supposedly related to Stonewall Jackson, great Confederate general. My anti-Southernism and pro-Yankeeism in terms of the Civil War is typical of Californians. I’ve never met a Californian who supported the Confederacy in the Civil War, and you will never see a Confederate flag in this state.

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28 thoughts on “Thaddeus Stevens, American Hero”

  1. “Desallines of Haiti, leader of the rebellion that killed almost all of the 25,000 Whites in Haiti, has always been one of my biggest heroes.”
    When Aztlan comes into being you may get a glimpse of what it was like to be one of those 25,000 Whites…
    Seriously Mr. Lindsay, if you value your life you should think of moving North! Your Marxist-tendencies could find a nice home in Olympia Washington for example.

  2. RL:”Desallines of Haiti, leader of the rebellion that killed almost all of the 25,000 Whites in Haiti, has always been one of my biggest heroes.”
    Some hero. Non-White Haiti turned out real great didn’t it, just great – I mean, I heard the Blacks living there eat dirt and stuff, and they’ve overpopulated and deforested 98% of the island. It’s the poorest, shittiest country in the entire Western hemisphere, and the place is covered in trash and raw sewage.
    Eliminating all of the Whites from the island and turning it in to an all-Black island is actually one of the worst things to happen to Haiti judging from how terribly that place has turned out.

    1. Nope. “WS” actually stands for “WHITE SURVIVAL,” actually. Just to clear up any possible confusion about that though, I’ll be “WP” from now on (short for “White Preservationist”).
      I’m not at all a radical “White supremacist” who wants to exterminate all non-Whites. But by using the history of the last 500+ years as an objective judge, Whites are indeed ‘supreme.’

    2. Haiti is a mess, but it has little to do with the fact that it is all Black. Other Caribbean islands are about as Black as Haiti and are in much better shape. Further, the US has kept those evil oligarchs in power for 100 years now, often intervening with US troops to remove any Haitian who tries to fix the place up.
      Recently, Aristide tried to improve Haiti, and the US formulated an insurgency against him, prevented him from having an armed police or military, and then US forces removed him at gunpoint. Afterward, US troops enforced fascist rule with guns. A big part of Haiti’s problem is not only the evil lightskinned and part-White fascist ruling class, but the fascist and imperialist US Whites that have kept the killers in power for so long.
      The French overlords were simply replaced by a neo-colonial mulatto ruling class. This was a class that had sucked up to the slaveowning Whites and received lots of privileges. So the Haitian Revolution was really aborted. White rule was dismantled, but evil Black suckups to the slavers quickly took their place and the people were screwed all over again.

  3. RL:”Southerners are just flat out nuts. They were nuts during the Civil War and they still are nuts to this day. They’re basically a bunch of fanatics.”
    So now you are anti-Southern?
    At least we White Southerners and our civilization will continue to live on long after all of you “anti-racist” Whites have ceded California and elsewhere to the Hispanics, Asians, etc. Are we ‘fanatics’ merely for seeking to survive and not wanting to be swamped by millions of non-Whites who destroy areas and turn them in to Third Worldish hellholes? OK then, I’ll admit to ‘Southern White fanaticism’…but ‘Southern White fanaticism’ is surely better than the ‘anti-White suicidalism’ that you moronic “anti-racist” Whites suffer from. Instead of suicidally ceding your parts of the USA to the non-Whites slowly and painfully, why not just kill yourselves now and let the non-Whites go ahead and just take the place over outright? Every sane person would choose ‘fanaticism’ over ‘suicidalism’ anytime. The conclusion? “Anti-racist” Whites are suicidal and insane – they want to bring down White-Western culture by suicidally ceding it to the clearly inferior non-White billions.
    RL:”Southerners rant about General Sherman burning down Augusta and other cities…”
    A correction – Sherman burned down Atlanta, not Augusta. And frankly, I wouldn’t mind if Sherman re-appeared and started to burn down much of Atlanta again, since large portions of that once-great Southern city have become Black/Hispanic-wrecked cesspools of utter filth and disgusting Third Worldish degradation.

  4. I went to Atlanta to visit a friend of mine who had gone off to Emory University and stayed there. I’d never been to the South before. In order to get from the airport to my friend’s neighborhood near the college I had to take a scary commuter train. It was like the Dan Ryan Line to Chicago’s Chinatown, wall to wall crack zombies swimming in place and sullen Asians loaded down with bags full of bark and pig snouts. It was alien and awful and the anti-White vibe so toxic I told my friend when I found him how uncomfortable the ride had had made me. He and his wife left two years later for the San Juan Islands near Vancouver BC because they couldn’t take Atlanta any longer. Gone With the Wind author Margaret Mitchell’s house had just been burnt to the ground for the second time when I arrived. The point of that article over at Occidental Dissent was that it was Protestants in the North, who had never lived alongside Blacks, who were the fanatical abolitionists. Later it was Jews from New York who turned the South upside down again in the ’60s with New Left communism.

  5. Damn those New York Jews. Why couldn’t they stay in New York instead of coming to the South and interfering with that awful, toxic anti-Black vibe that Southern whites had been so comfortable with?

  6. alpha unit:“Damn those New York Jews. Why couldn’t they stay in New York instead of coming to the South and interfering with that awful, toxic anti-Black vibe that Southern whites had been so comfortable with?”
    Damn all Jews who want to turn White nations in to non-White Third Worldish hellholes by ‘liberating’ obviously inferior and semi-barbaric humans just so they can start breeding out-of-control and eventually wreck White nations along with the world’s environment in general.
    It’s a Jewish evolutionary strategy (both conscious and unconscious) to either encourage Whites to race-mix with non-Whites (see Jew-run American mass-media) and/or flood White nations with non-Whites ‘immigrants’ (see American immigration policy since 1965 as lobbied for by Jewry) so that those once-proud White countries will eventually become non-White and/or extensively mixed nations a la Brazil that pure-blooded plutocratic Jews can rule over with a totalitarian Jewish fist.
    I’m not a “Nazi,” but Hitler clearly and succinctly stated many decades ago how organized plutocratic Jewry seeks to ‘inferiorize’ the White gene pool via race-mixing as well as flood White nations with hordes of non-white immigrants so that hyperethnocentric plutocratic Jews (who do not race-mix, obviously) can eventually take over those soiled and ‘moronized’ once White nations and rule over them, thus triumphing over Whites (their main racial/ethnic competitors) in the Darwinistic competition for resources.
    To quote:

    In foreign policy he tries to bring nations into a state of unrest, to divert them from their true interests, and to plunge them into reciprocal wars and in this way gradually rise to mastery over them with the help of the power of money and propaganda.
    [Jewry’s] ultimate goal is the denationalization, the promiscuous bastardization of other peoples, the lowering of the racial level of the highest peoples as well as the domination of this racial mish-mash through the extirpation of the folkish [native] intelligentsia and its replacement by the members of his own people.
    The end of the Jewish world struggle therefore will always be a bloody Bolshevization. In truth this means the destruction of all the intellectual upper classes linked to their peoples so that he can rise to become the master of a mankind become leaderless.
    Stupidity, cowardice and baseness, therefore, play into his hands. In bastards he secures for himself the first openings for the penetration of an alien nation.
    Hence the result of Jewish domination is always the ruin of all culture and finally the madness of the Jew himself. For he is a parasite of nations and his victory signifies his own end as much as the death of his victim.
    With the collapse of the ancient world the Jews encountered young, in part still completely unspoiled, peoples sure in racial instinct who protected themselves against being infiltrated by them. He was a foreigner and all his lies and dissimulation helped him little for nearly one and a half thousand years.
    With the help of the Bolshevik revolution the Russian upper classes and also the Russian national intelligentsia were murdered and completely extirpated amid inhuman agonies and atrocities. For the Russian people the total number of victims of this Jewish struggle for hegemony in Russia amounted to 28-30 million people in number of dead. This is fifteen times more than the World War cost Germany. After the successful revolution [Jewry] completely tore down [further] the bonds of order, of morality, of custom, etc., abolished marriage as a lofty institution and instead proclaimed a general copulation with the aim of breeding a general inferior human mish-mash, by way of a chaotic bastardization, which by itself would be incapable of leadership and which ultimately would no longer be able to do without the Jews as its only intellectual element. –

    With every means [Jewry] tries to destroy the racial foundations of the people he has set out to subjugate. Just as he himself systematically ruins women and girls, he does not shrink back from pulling down the blood barriers for others, even on a large scale. It was and it is Jews who bring the Negroes into the Rhineland, always with the same secret thought and clear aim of ruining the hated White race by the necessarily resulting bastardization, throwing it down from its cultural and political height, and himself rising to be its master.
    For a racially pure people which is conscious of its blood can never be enslaved by the Jew. In this world he will forever be master over bastards and bastards alone.
    And so he tries systematically to lower the racial level by a continuous poisoning of individuals.

    Now begins the great last revolution. In gaining political power the Jew casts off the few cloaks that he still wears. The democratic peoples Jew becomes the blood-Jew and tyrant over peoples. In a few years he tries to exterminate the national intelligentsia and by robbing the peoples of their natural intellectual leadership makes them ripe for the slaves lot of permanent subjugation.
    The most frightful example of this kind is offered by Russia, where [Jewry] killed or starved about thirty million people with positively fanatical savagery, in part amid inhuman tortures, in order to give a gang of Jewish journalists and stock exchange bandits domination over a great people.
    The end is not only the end of the freedom of the peoples oppressed by the Jew, but also the end of this parasite upon the nations. After the death of his victim, the [Jewish] vampire sooner or later dies too. –

    1. ” What does it say about Whites that they were so easily duped?”
      That they are VICTIMS.
      ** You are the type that would blame a woman for getting raped. **
      This sickening dumping on all things White has got to stop damnit!
      The time has come for White Survival!!!

  7. alpha unit:”What does it say about Whites that they were so easily duped?”
    That we are far too ‘nice’ and trusting of other racial/ethnic groups, not to mention gullible believers in highly unrealistic and overidealistic bunkum like “human equality” and “the innate goodness of mankind.” We Whites are also clearly far too individualistic for our own good, and this will certainly have to change – ‘White cooperationism’ coupled with ‘pan-White nationalism’ must and will become the norm in the future, because we cannot expect to continue to compete as isolated White individuals with all of the various ethnic/racial groups that are outcompeting us as highly ethnocentric collectives. Therefore Whites must also become a highly ethnocentric collective so that we can start to level the playing field – that’s fair enough, right?
    As we become fewer in number and increasingly surrounded by hostile non-Whites in our own White nations, you can be sure that we won’t be putting on our happy White faces anymore.
    I tried to make multiracialism work in my life and community, I really did. I used to be just a good ol’ Southern boy who was always very polite, helpful, and accepting toward everyone regardless of their race, ethnicity, religion, etc. I used to be a liberalish believer in racial equality, but the Jew-imposed scales have all fallen from mine eyes now.
    There is no turning back, and we Whites are going to have to right the wrongs that have been done to us and our nations…do y’all expect us to just give up, roll over, and die or something? Hell nah that isn’t going to happen – we’re going to fight to survive of course, and we’ll fight for every inch of our White territories, and no other group(s) can hold a candle to our White rage once it has been unleashed and set in motion. You’ve been warned.
    I’m a lover of peace and quiet at heart, but I’m sorry to tell y’all that there is going to be hell to pay for what has been done to us. Sooner or later we will start defending ourselves and our White nations again, and then we will of course begin to counter-attack. We will show no mercy and give no quarter toward those who are attempting to genocide us, those who seek to rip us off, or to those non-Whites who seek to colonize our White territories.
    There’s no doubt that the thick ‘White ice’ is beginning to melt, and quite quickly too. Once it’s finished melting and we again emerge from our icy White shells, well then lets just say that y’all will be very, very sorry that you ever dared to provoke our White ire. Howdy, global warming…hello, White revival.

    1. You live in a land that used to belong to the Indians, up to 400 years ago or so. How can you complain about “colonization” and keep a straight face?

    2. “–You live in a land that used to belong to the Indians, up to 400 years ago or so. How can you complain about “colonization” and keep a straight face?–”
      What country is Artritico from?
      ALL NATIONS once had ‘aboriginal peoples’ from whom another group conquered and colonized!
      Pure PC lies that the United States once ‘belonged’ to scattered Indian tribes — it wasn’t even a country or a nation-state then!
      I guess Mexico and Peru, then, really ‘belongs’ to the Maya and Aztecs, so then, by this ‘logic’, the Mestizo’s are just illegitimate interlopers?

    3. He’s a Colombian, I think a White Colombian.
      Anyway, it’s a done deal, we stole the land fair and square and it’s all over. They’re part of our country and they can buy the whole place back if they want to.
      I don’t see how the fact that this is a settler-colonial state means we need to open the borders to the 2 billion people in the Third World who have stated that they wish to come here.

    4. ” You live in a land that used to belong to the Indians, up to 400 years ago or so.”
      No damnit! My Norwegian ancestors traveled here and called this land ‘Vinland’ and made it all the way to Minnesota for crying out loud!
      Injuns have never been more then sub-human care-takers of the land before Aryans showed up to actually DO SOMETHING.
      Excuse me now I am going to go play Custers Revenge now! ('s_Revenge ) This non-sense that passes for ‘History’ has got to stop!

  8. “”It’s a Trick, We Always Use It.” (calling people “anti-Semitic”)” – o:50 – a jewess tells the truth about the jewish bogus accusation smear-slander bullshit “antisemite”. Only braindead people will use the jewish fraud accusation”antisemite” in any context.

  9. l actually like this jewess. l have seen and heard her before. She don’t bullshit you. She tells you how it really is. The problem is that the stupid and ignorant goyim is to dumb to understand when a jew is telling the truth – that would be YOU

  10. NADSAT translator
    Apropos of nothing let me direct your
    attention to these curious clockwork orangey WN links. Visionaries are popping up like psychedelic mushrooms in scoteena cal. What’s it ittying to then, oh my brothers, nail bombs or nirvana?
    David Mayatt (aka Anton Long aka Abdul-Aziz ibn Myatt)
    Mahatma Julian Lee on The Jewish Double Standard:

  11. To hell with Thaddeus Stevens. Hopefully he’s burning in hell, a special place in hell. This bastard influenced the worst president in history (Lincoln) to continue unfair taxation of the South, without representation, to appease the North. This war was 50 to 70 years in the making, since the Declaration of Independence from the British, which, by the way, the South fought the British as the United States of America.
    In a preclude to Hitler in World War II, Lincoln, Stephens, Grant, Sherman and others planned genocide on the South. I remember my great grandmothers dairies documenting atrocities of the North. Murder, raping women and children, burning houses, killing farm animals, contaminating water supplies, stealing silver and other items of worth and leaving the people to starve. Most of these were the old, sick, women and children. 150 years later, the South continues its struggle from this damn war!! But, many major corporations have located here providing great non-union jobs. As your Northern cities die, debt you can’t possibly repay, violence, and staggering taxes, people are moving here. STAY the hell out. Keep your liberal bullshit that destroyed your cities up there. In fact, let’s split the United States into three regions. The liberal Northeast and west coast and the remainder of the country that’s conservative. Keep the 50 million people who won’t work and receive food stamps, federal housing, medial care, Obama phones, cable TV, public transportation, etc. Pay the people who are unemployed continued benefits until they find that comparable job they lost. God forbid they accept an interim job until that great job avails itself. (When unemployment was conceived, it was for 6 weeks until a person found a new job) But, we have an administration who doesn’t have a clue how to create a job!! And, it’s making matters worse with the ACA bullshit. Anyone read the 2250 page bill? I have, and it’s damn troubling. I have a stage 4 cancer that I combat with daily chemo. My medications are extremely expensive, and thank God I worked for a great company for over 35 years that offered ‘cadillac’ plans for it employees. However, I would be way too costly to keep alive under the ACA.
    Remember for those of you who read the plan, the Human and Health Services Secretary has great power of decision!! So, you keep that shit, we’ll keep working as we were taught, marrying, have children, pay our taxes, and pursue our lives. We ask one thing in return…leave us the hell alone!!!!!
    Stop the everyone gets a trophy award and return to you get a trophy if you worked hard and deserve it!! If you want to achieve in life, pay attention in elementary school where you learn to read, write, add, subtract, multiply and divide, learn to dissect sentences, understand how to talk; the proper use of verbs and nouns. If you don’t learn it here you’re lost for life. In middle school learn Algebra, English, your State history and civics. (I’m not sure we teach children about government anymore) Learn science, physical activity and electives. In high school lean four years of advanced English/Spelling/Arts, advanced math to include Algebra, Geometry, Trig, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, World and US History and electives.. Your job as a student is to LEARN, not to disrupt class!! Every child is exposed to the same curriculum. Nothing racist about that. Those that excel have a college opportunity. But, I can tell you this. It seems that a college degree is the same as a high school education 40 years ago!! I still find it amusing that kids find it amazing that I can perform math intellectually, without a calculator. Hell, that’s what we were taught in school.
    The South still has years to catch the North in caring about an education, building infrastructure, attracting additional industry and continue to instill work ethic in children. We believe that the traditional family is the root of happiness and morale values. Not using abortion as birth control. Realize that work and dedication are the keys to success, not a government telling you otherwise. We believe in the Bible and its teachings. We help our neighbors, caretakers for the sick, and treat people without arrogance, but with Southern Housepitality.
    We’re at a critical time in history, not one of internal genocide. Our country is over 17 trillion dollars in debt. The Fed receives about 2.5 to 3 trillion a year in taxes. We also have approximately 90 trillion in unfunded liabilities. Staggering! Democrats and Republicans caused this mess.
    Believe it or not, I attended military school and was taught to break the enemy’s will to fight. But, not by means Sherman, Grant and Lincoln deployed. Not killing women and children, raping, murder, pillaging. This tactic achieved the opposite, deep and engrained hatred for the North that lives to this day.
    We have a president that circumvents congress, delays actions until after elections and our nation is perceived as the weakest since Jimmy Carter in the late ’70s. Bengazi was a terrorist act on 9/11. Obama dismissed the event as an anti-Islamic video, Horse-s–t. It was to cover his foreign policy weakness before the general election. The IRS harassment of Republican 501C applicants of which Obama stated he was very concerned. Syria has not produced chemical weapons as agreed for destruction. Iran has nuclear weapons and has sent a rag-tag fleet to our sores, North Korea continues its rhetoric. China has claimed soventry over sea between their country and Tywain challenging US warships. Flying drones over your property, evesdropping on you conversations and internet searches. Eric Holder has not arrested anyone in the Black Panthers for blocking polling places, answered to the Fast and Furious debacle, suing states for voting rights, and stating convicted felons should have the right to vote!! Hillary Clinton was the worst Secretary of State in US history. Several Arab countries changed regimes and the US was not there to help these countries move forward. (Egypt, Lybia, Iran, etc.) Russia, led by Vladimier Putan (ex KGB Leader) wants to rebuild the Soviet Union and is acting as the words peacemaker!!! Hell, the Soviets flew a Backfire bomber over Guam (US territory) armed with nuclear warheads last year!!! And now, Obama has decided to use executive power and circumvent congress. Should they just go home and let this dictator rule? Any American President who makes promises to the American people, over and over, and breaks that promise should be impeached, PERIOD!

    1. Look man, I am going to ban you. You are a reactionary.
      It is more than the East and West Coasts that are progressive now. New Mexico, Nevada and Colorado are gone to the reactionaries. Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania often vote progressive now, and Ohio is headed our way. And it’s more than the Northeast that votes progressive. Maryland, Delaware, DC and now even parts of the South – Virginia and North Carolina, are with us and Florida is split right down the even. You guys are losing. Flyover country has a lot of states but no people! Big deal.
      And what’s so great about non-union jobs? You BRAG about non-union jobs? You idiot.
      Look this is a socialist blog. We do not allow reactionaries to post here, so I am going to ban you.

  12. They (the southerners) had know intention of giving blacks any rights after the war. They might as well just kept slavery going, or maybe made a slightly more humane version of it. If blacks were going to get real rights, then tough measures had to be made. Nonetheless, putting blacks in elected office was a joke, cause (due to the slave-owners rule of keeping slaves illiterate) the blacks were not qualified for elected office.

    1. The laws passed by southern whites to create a neo-slavery after the war, were called black codes. These caused the North to get tough on them.

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